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Welpertained to my web website, currently under advancement for more than twenty years. -- Philip Weller, November 13, 1941 - February 1, 2021 Dr. Weller, an Eastern Washington University professor of English and also Shakespearean scholar for even more than 50 years.


Romeo and also Juliet Navigator:Detailed Outline of Act 2, Scene 2Page Index:Get in Romeo: In Capulet"s garden Romeo sees Juliet concerned her window and also is entranced by her beauty. She tells the night that she loves Romeo and also wishes he had actually another name. Romeo surprises her by giving to take one more name for her love. Juliet problems for Romeo"s safety and security and concerns that Romeo might be a deceiver, yet they pledge their love to one an additional, and also then Juliet is called ameans by the Nurse.Nurse calls within:Answering the cevery one of the Nurse, Juliet goes into the house, then comes best earlier out and tells Romeo that the next day she will certainly send a messenger to discover out once and also wbelow she is to accomplish and marry him. Juliet is aacquire dubbed ago into the house, and Romeo starts to leave, but Juliet aget comes back out, to set a time that her messenger must go to Romeo. Romeo tells her that the messenger should come at nine in the morning. They say a long goodbye, and after Juliet is gone, Romeo states he will certainly go to the cell of Friar Lawrence to acquire his help.Go into Romeo:Romeo does not really enter at the beginning of this scene -- he"s been tbelow all along, on the various other side of Capulet"s garden wall. However before, tbelow is no actual wall, and the earliest messages of the play provide no phase directions to indicate what Romeo does, so later on editors have added them, according to how they have actually imagined the scene. In the previous scene, a lot of editors compose "Romeo retires" or "Romeo withdraws" after he declares that he must return to Juliet. Similarly, most editors put "Romeo advances" or "Romeo comes forward" at the beginning of this scene. The basic concept of these stage directions is that Romeo stands or sits in some inconspicuous location while Mercutio delivers his mockeries of Romeo"s love-longing for Rosaline. It might be a lot even more interesting if Romeo put himself wbelow the audience might check out his reactions to Mercutio"s mockeries. Does he smile or chuckle? Or does he take himself as well seriously for anything of that sort?In any situation, it"s noticeable that Romeo has actually been listening to Mercutio, bereason his initially words are about Mercutio: "He jests at scars that never before felt a wound" (2.2.1). Romeo"s allude is that Mercutio have the right to make jokes about the pain of love only bereason he has never before felt any such pain. Also, Mercutio"s last remarks erected the situation in this scene. Mercutio has actually said that Romeo will certainly sit under a medlar tree and also wish that Rosaline would certainly drop into his lap prefer the over-ripe fruit of the medlar, and also he"s half-appropriate. Romeo is in an orcdifficult, more than likely under a tree, hoping to capture sight of his love. Only now his love is Juliet, not the super-sexy Rosaline of Mercutio"s mockeries, and also Juliet does not drop, she arises. Romeo looks up at Capulet"s home, sees Juliet come to the home window, and claims, "But, soft! what light through yonder home window breaks? / It is the eastern, and Juliet is the sun" (2.2.2-3).The remainder of Romeo"s speech is an ecstatic expression of Juliet"s shining beauty, and of the longing it arosupplies in him. Continuing his comparikid of Juliet and also the sun, Romeo says, "Arise, fair sun, and kill the envious moon, / Who is already sick and also pale through grief, / That thou her maid art much more fair than she" (2.2.4-6). Juliet is a "maid" of the moon because the moon-goddess Diana is the patroness of chastity, and also Juliet is a chaste maid. But Romeo sees in her the promise of bappropriate warmth love, much even more beautiful than the pale, chaste light of the moon. He goes on to urge Juliet (who can not hear anything he says) to stop being a massist to the moon, bereason "Her vestal liincredibly is but sick and also green / And none however fools execute wear it; cast it off" (2.2.8-9). A "livery" is a unicreate worn by the servants of a nobleman, "vestal" means "chaste," and also "green-sickness" is an anemia that was expected to take place in unmarried girls, bereason they were unmarried. Romeo wants Juliet as a womale, not as distant object of adoration, as Rosaline was for him.Perhaps, at this minute, Juliet leans out of the window or Romeo measures out from under an imaginary tree, so that he gets a clearer check out of her. This might explain his sudden change of tone. He drops his poetic metaphors and claims simply, "It is my lady, O, it is my love! / O, that she kbrand-new she were!" (2.2.10-11). He then sees that she is saying something, however can not hear what it is, and also claims to himself, "what of that? / Her eye discourses; I will answer it" (2.2.12-13). It seems that he is about to step right into her see, but holds himself back at the last second, saying, "I am as well bold, "tis not to me she speaks / Two of the fairemainder stars in all the heaven, / Having some business, carry out entreat her eyes / To twinkle in their spheres till they return" (2.2.14-17). This is a beautiful means of saying that Juliet"s eyes are like stars. He had actually assumed that her eyes spoke, and also he is currently saying that they are speaking to the stars, and that the stars are speaking to them. According to the astronomy of the moment, each of the planets and all of the stars were embedded in transparent spheres which rdeveloped roughly the earth. It seems to Romeo that two of the brightest stars have actually chose that they should leave their spheres for a while, and also that they are asking her eyes to twinkle in their places while they are gone.Still comparing Juliet"s eyes to stars, Romeo asks himself what would certainly occur if the 2 stars traded areas with Juliet"s eyes. He decides that the brightness of her cheek would certainly outshine the stars, and also that "her eyes in heaven / Would with the airy area stream so bright / That birds would sing and think it were not night" (2.2.20-22). Then Juliet leans her cheek on her hand, and also Romeo simply wishes that he were a glove on her hand, so that he, too, can touch her cheek.Pensively, Juliet sighs, "Ay me!" (2.2.20-25). To Romeo, these simple words are magnificent. He claims, She speaks!O, stop aget, bright angel! for thou artAs glorious to this night, being o"er my headAs is a winged messenger of heavenUnto the white-upturned wondering eyesOf mortals that autumn back to gaze on himWhen he bestrides the lazy puffing cloudsAnd sails upon the bosom of the air.(2.2.25-32)Comparing a beautiful womale to an angel was, and still is, a common point, yet Romeo -- that at this moment is whispering to himself -- really believes that Juliet is angelic. An angel is "glorious to the night" because it shows up in a "glory," a halo bordering and emanating from its body. When the angel appears, people "fall earlier," arching their backs, turning their deals with to the skies, and also spreading their eyes upward so that the whites of their eyes display. The angel moves with effortmuch less ease, lighter than the clouds, more graceful than a ship sailing on the swelling bosom of the ocean. And Romeo speaks of all this as though he has actually checked out an angel and also is currently gazing upon one more one.Now we hear Juliet"s well known words, "O Romeo, Romeo! wherefore art thou Romeo?" (2.2.33). Of course she"s not actually speaking to Romeo (she has actually no idea that he is there), but she is so a lot in love through him that she"s asking why he should be "Romeo," a Montague. She asks him to "Deny thy father and also refuse thy name"(2.2.34), so that he will no much longer be a Montague, or -- if he won"t do that -- if he will certainly simply swear he loves her, she will certainly give up the name of "Capulet." Hearing this, Romeo asks himself if he must stop now, or listen some even more. Before he have the right to fairly make up his mind, Juliet claims more around his name. It is just his name that is her enemy, she claims to her imagined Romeo, and also if he would readjust his name, "Thou art thyself, though not a Montague" (2.2.39). In various other words, if he readjusted his name, he would certainly still be himself. And "Montague" isn"t a hand, foot, arm, or face. There"s actually nopoint in a name, she says, bereason "That which we contact a rose / By any type of other name would certainly smell as sweet" 2.2.43-44), and also "So Romeo would certainly, were he not Romeo call"d, / Retain that dear perfection which he owes / Without that title " (2.2.45-47). Once aobtain, she asks Romeo (still without knowing that he"s there) to offer up his name, " And for that name which is no part of thee / Take all myself" (2.2.48-49).Hearing this, Romeo speaks so Juliet deserve to hear him and also claims, "I take thee at thy word. / Call me however love, and also I"ll be new baptized; / Henceforth I never will be Romeo" (2.2.49-51). Thus starts a dialogue so a lot at cross-functions that it verges on the comical. Juliet is all realism; Romeo is all love. She hasn"t watched Romeo, only heard him, and also asks, "What male art thou that therefore bescreen"d in night / So stumblest on my counsel ?" (2.2.52-53). Addressing her as "saint," he answers that he doesn"t know what to contact himself, and also that he hates his name because it is her enemy. (Calling her a "saint," yet, should be a heavy hint, bereason that"s what he dubbed her at Capulet"s feastern.) He declares that if he had actually the name written on a item of paper, he would tear the paper right into bits.She recognizes his voice and also asks if he isn"t Romeo, a Montague. He replies that if either name is offensive to her, he isn"t. She asks exactly how he came into the orcdifficult, and why, and also she appears amazed that he would certainly come at all, since the orchard wall surfaces are tough to climb and also given that he will die if any kind of of her kinsmales uncover him tright here. He replies that "With love"s light wings did I o"er-perch these walls" (2.2.66) , and boasts, "what love can perform, that dares love attempt; / Therefore thy kinsmen are no speak to me" (2.2.68-69). He does not mean that her kinsguys can not damage him, but that love will certainly do anypoint for love -- also die -- and he is love. As though she doesn"t also hear Romeo"s talk of love, Juliet repeats that if her kinsguys view him, they"ll murder him. He answers, "Aabsence, there lies even more danger in thine eye / Than twenty of their swords! Look thou yet sweet, / And I am proof against their enmity" (2.2.71-73) . He means what was frequently shelp in the love poeattempt of the moment, that an unfriendly glance from the eye of a lady can kill the male that remained in love with her. On the other hand also, a sweet look from Juliet is all he needs to safeguard him from her kinsmales. But she can"t stop worrying, and also claims, "I would certainly not for the world they experienced thee here" (2.2.74). He points out (in his one handy statement) that he is covert by the night, and then says that if she loves him, it"s ok if her kinsmen discover him, bereason his "life were much better finished by their hate, / Than death prorogued , wanting of thy love" (2.2.77-78). In various other words, he"d much fairly have her love and also die on the spot, than not have her love and also die later.Juliet then asks another useful question: "By whose direction found"st thou out this place?" (2.2.79). For this he has actually an additional passionate answer: "By love, who first did prompt me to inquire; / He lent me counsel and also I lent him eyes" (2.2.81). In plain language, it was love who made him ask himself wright here Juliet can be and also that told him that he must discover her; in return for love"s good advice, Romeo offered love (that is blind) eyes to find her. Romeo goes on to say that he"s not a ship"s pilot, yet that if Juliet were as much amethod "As that substantial shore wash"d via the farthest sea, / I would adundertaking for such merchandise" (2.2.83-84). The verb "adventure" doesn"t suppose "have actually fun"; it implies "take a huge possibility." And "merchandise," as Romeo provides it, implies not "saleable goods," but "affluent treasure." After hearing Romeo say over and also over that he loves her, Juliet -- that has actually ardently wimelted for his love -- still can"t quite think that her wish has actually all of a sudden come true. She tells him that if it weren"t night he would certainly be able to watch she is blushing from embarrassment. Then she states, "Fain would certainly I dwell on create, fain, fain deny / What I have actually spoke, but farewell compliment! / Dost thou love me?" (2.2.88-90). To "dwell on form" is to spend a lot time on the usual formalities, what she calls "compliment." In the situation of a woguy who is being wooed, those formalities offer her a possibility to decide whether she likes the man and also whether he is sincere. Juliet incredibly a lot wishes that she can have actually such a opportunity, however considering that it"s too late for "form" and "compliment," she claims what is in her heart, "Dost thou love me?"As soon as Juliet asks the question she realizes that she already knows what the answer will be, and also that issues her, too. Without offering Romeo a opportunity to answer, she claims, "I know thou wilt say "Ay," / And I will take thy word; yet if thou swear"st, / Thou mayst prove false; at lovers" perjuries / They say, Jove laughs" (2.2.91-93). "Jove laughs" at the lies of lovers bereason civilization lie for love all the time; it"s simply something we have to learn to suppose and accept. So if Romeo swears that he loves her, he might be committing perjury. Hence Juliet knows Romeo will certainly say "Ay" if he"s just messing through her, and also she knows he will say "Ay" if he really does love her, and she knows she will think him, no issue what.Caught between her desire for Romeo"s love and her are afraid that he can be lying, Juliet pleads through him to be truthful, saying, "O gentle Romeo, / If thou dost love, pronounce it faithfully" (2.2.93-94), however again she does not provide him a opportunity to say what she wants to hear. She"s afrassist that he will certainly think she"s basic and also provides to "frvery own and be perverse, and also say thee nay, / So thou wilt woo; however else, not for the world" (2.2.96-97). In various other words, she"ll play hard-to-gain as lengthy as it will certainly make Romeo woo her, yet for no other reason in the world. Rushing on via the same thought, she says, "In truth, fair Montague, I am also fond , / And therefore thou mayst think my habits light" (2.2.98-99), then promises that she will "prove more true / Than those that have even more coying to be starray " (2.2.100-101). She adds that she would have been even more standoffish if he had not overheard her, and ends by asking him to "not impute this yielding to light love, / Which the dark night hath so discovered" (2.2.105-106).Juliet has actually promised truth in love and asked for fact in love. Romeo, to prove his reality, starts to swear his by the moon which shines dvery own upon them, but Juliet interrupts him and also tells him not to swear by the moon, bereason it is changeable. He asks what he shall swear by, and also she tells him to swear by himself. He starts again, but just gets as far as "If my heart"s dear love -- " (2.2.115) prior to she interrupts again, and also tells him not to swear at all. Apparently she feels that for him to swear his love would make whatever simply also good to be true. She says, Well, execute not swear. Although I joy in thee,I have no joy of this contract to-night:It is also rash, too unadvised, as well sudden;Too choose the lightning, which doth cease to beEre one deserve to say "It ligh10s." (2.2.116-120)The word "contract" mirrors that she feels they have committed themselves to one an additional, but the contract has been made in a method that has actually constantly been taken into consideration dangerous. Society says that prior to such a commitment is made, a perkid should think things over, ask the advice of others, and also take plenty of time; the contract between Romeo and Juliet has been simply the opposite -- "rash," "unadvised," and "sudden." And bereason whatever has occurred so quickly, Juliet is afrassist that the joy which has come as all of a sudden as lightening may disappear simply as suddenly.Torn between the impluse to run from her fears and the desire to stay with Romeo, Juliet tries to say goodnight to him. She tells him she really hopes that their love, currently only a bud, will certainly bloom the following time they accomplish, and also she wishes him the happiness that he has actually offered her: "Good night, good night! as sweet repose and also remainder / Come to thy heart as that within my breast!" (2.2.123-124). It looks as if she"s around to go, but Romeo exclaims, "O, wilt thou leave me so unsatisfied?" (2.2.125), and also she asks, "What satisfaction canst thou have actually to-night?" (2.2.126). He answers, "The exreadjust of thy love"s faithful vow for mine" (2.2.127). Romeo"s answer appears to be deeply reassuring to Juliet, because after this she claims hardly an additional word about her fears, and she starts making wedding plans. Perhaps the explacountry for her adjust in attitude is that she assumed Romeo was "unsatisfied" because he wanted sex, which would certainly have shown her lingering are afraid that he could be the wrong kind of lover.When Romeo asks just for a vow of pure love, Juliet is even more than willing to provide it. She states that she has actually already given her vow, yet wishes that "it were to offer again" (2.2.129). He asks if that means she desires to take ago her vow, and also why she would certainly want to do that. She answers "But to be frank, and also offer it thee aobtain / And yet I wish but for the point I have" (2.2.131-132). "Frank" (i.e., "totally free," "generous") is Juliet"s word for the deep satisfaction that comes via giving a gift that is truly appreciated. Juliet wants to feel that feeling of generosity that originates from offering the gift of love, yet finds that she currently has actually it, because the more she offers, the even more she has to offer. This is how she explains the miracle of love in herself: "My bounty is as boundmuch less as the sea, / My love as deep; the even more I give to thee, / The even more I have, for both are infinite" (2.2.133-135).Nurse calls within:Just as Juliet is informing Romeo how a lot she loves him, the Nurse calls from inside the house. Juliet calls out that she"ll be best tright here, asks Romeo to wait for her, and disappears into the home. In the moment that he is alone, Romeo blesses the night and is so filled via happiness that he feels as though it could all be a dream. When Juliet reappears, she"s in a great hurry. (We have the right to guess that she does not desire to arouse the Nurse"s suspicions.) She says, "Three words, dear Romeo, and good night indeed" (2.2.142). Using a few even more than "three words," but obtaining appropriate to the suggest, Juliet tells Romeo that if he wants to marry her he need to sfinish word, by a messenger that she will sfinish, of the time and also area. When they are married, she assures, "all my fortunes at thy foot I"ll lay / And follow thee my lord throughout the world" (2.2.147-148). "Fortunes" does not mean money, but the rest of her life, her destiny. Just as Juliet provides this promise, the Nurse calls aacquire, and also then aobtain. Juliet is now in even more of a hurry. She asks Romeo to leave her alone if he does not suppose well, however she doesn"t seem to think this is a actual possibility, as she finishes by informing him that she will send her messenger tomorrow. Romeo starts to reply, but "A thousand times great night!" (2.2.154) she says, and she"s gone. "A thousand times the worse, to want thy light" (2.2.155), he claims. He means that the "excellent night" is now a thousand times worse, without the light of Juliet"s existence. He then starts to leave, commenting that he is going away from his love as reluctantly as a boy goes to school.As quickly as Romeo is earlier in the shadows of the garden, Juliet reshows up. Apparently she has acquired rid of the Nurse, but she still needs to be quiet, and also calls out, "Hist! Romeo, hist! O, for a falconer"s voice, / To entice this tassel-gentle earlier again!" (2.2.158-159). A "tassel-gentle" is a male falcon which deserve to be owned just by a prince, and "hist" is a falconer"s speak to, however a falconer would certainly usage a loud voice, which Juliet can not perform. She"s calling "hist" in that hoarse whisper which we usage when we desire to be heard, but only by the best person. She claims, "Bondage is hoarse, and may not sheight aloud; / Else would I tear the cave wbelow Echo lies, / And make her airy tongue even more hoarse than mine, / With repetition of my Romeo"s name" (2.2.161-163). She is in "bondage" bereason she is in her father Capulet"s house; if she weren"t in bondage she would call so loud that her cry would tear via the walls of the nymph Echo"s cave and also make Echo hoarse via calling Romeo"s name over and over. Juliet tries aget, calling out, "Romeo." Hearing her hoarse whisper, Romeo thinks it is the sweetest sound he has ever before heard. He says, "It is my heart that calls upon my name: / How silver-sweet sound lovers" tongues by night, / Like softest music to attending ears!" (2.2.164-166). Quickly, Juliet asks what time the next day she should sfinish her messenger. Romeo states to send him by nine. Juliet answers, "I will certainly not fail" (2.2.169). Then adheres to a type of sweet lull. After the wonder and also surpincrease of finding each other -- and also love -- in the dark garden, and also after hurriedly making plans for their marital relationship while Juliet dodged in and also out of the home, the lovers now have a minute to simply be together. Juliet says to Romeo, "I have actually foracquired why I did call thee back" (2.2.170), and Romeo promises to stand also right wright here he is till she remembers. She answers, "I shall forget, to have actually thee still stand also there, / Remembering just how I love thy company" (2.2.173-174). In other words, in order to have actually him save on standing tbelow, she will forget to remember why she referred to as him ago bereason the just thing that she will certainly be able to remember is just how much she loves his agency.Romeo says that he"s willing to stand there forever and also foracquire that he has actually any other house, but it"s practically dawn, and also Juliet tells him that she desires him to go. But not too far: "And yet no better than a wanton"s bird; / Who allows it hop a little from her hand also, / Like a bad prisoner in his twisted gyves , / And with a silk threview plucks it ago again" (2.2.178-180) . Romeo wishes that he were her bird, and also Juliet answers, "Sweet, so would I: / Yet I have to kill thee via a lot cherishing" (2.2.182-183). "Cherishing" is not just "loving," however the petting and also playing that we lavish on beloved pets. If Romeo were Juliet"s bird on a string, she would certainly never let him go, yet now it"s virtually tomorrow and Juliet tears herself away, saying, "Good night, excellent night! parting is such sweet sorrow, / That I shall say great night till it be morrow" (2.2.184-85).

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His farewell is, "Sleep dwell upon thine eyes, tranquility in thy breast!" (2.2.186), and then he wishes to himself that he were sleep and tranquility, so that he would certainly discover his remainder through her. Juliet is out of sight, and also the scene is over, except for two lines from Romeo, in which he claims that he will certainly go to Friar Laurence to tell him what has actually happened and get his assist.