Search databaseBooksAll DatabasesAssemblyBiocollectionsBioProjectBioSampleBioSystemsBooksClinVarConoffered DomainsdbGaPdbVarGeneGenomeGEO DataSetsGEO ProfilesGTRHomoloGeneIdentical Protein Net CatalogNucleotideOMIMPMCPopSetProteinProtein ClustersProtein Family ModelsPubChem BioAssayPubChem CompoundPubChem SubstancePubMedSNPSRAStructureTaxonomyToolKitToolKitAllToolKitBookgh Bookshelf. A company of the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.

You are watching: Which of these structures directly encloses the vestibule?

StatPearls . Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2021 Jan-.



The female external genitalia is fascinating as a result of the fact it is comprised of both urinary tract and also refertile frameworks. These structures jointly fall under the term vulva. The interpretation of "vulva" is covering or wrapping. From the exterior monitoring of the female exterior genitalia, it does show up to be extended or wrapped by skin folds. These skin folds are referred to as the labia majora and labia minora. Both labia majora and also labia minora are component of the vulva. The components of the whole vulva are the mons pubis, labia majora, labia minora, clitoris, urethra, vulva vestibule, vestibular bulbs, Bartholin"s glands, Skene"s glands, and vaginal opening. The external female genitalia serves the purposes of reproduction and also urination.

Structure and Function


The vulva is the global term that describes all of the structures that make the female outside genitalia. The components of the vulva are the mons pubis, labia majora, labia minora, clitoris, vestibular bulbs, vulva vestibule, Bartholin"s glands, Skene"s glands, urethra, and also vaginal opening.

Mons Pubis

The mons pubis is a tissue mound comprised of fat located straight anterior to the pubic bones. This mound of tproblem is influential in females and is usually spanned in pubic hair. The mons pubis attributes as a source of cushioning in the time of sexual intercourse. The mons pubis additionally has sebaceous glands that secrete pheromones to induce sexual attraction.

Labia Majora

Words "labia majora" is defined as the bigger lips. The labia majora are a influential pair of cutaneous skin folds that will create the lateral longitudinal borders of the vulval clefts. The labia majora forms the folds that cover the labia minora, clitoris, vulva vestibule, vestibular bulbs, Bartholin"s glands, Skene"s glands, urethra, and also the vaginal opening. The anterior part of the labia majora folds comes together to develop the anterior labial commissure directly beneath the mons pubis. While the posterior component of the labia majora comes together to develop the posterior labial commissure. The labia majora engorges with blood and shows up edematous in the time of sexual arousal.

Labia Minora 

The "labia minora" is characterized as the smaller sized lips. The labia minor are a pair of tiny cutaneous folds that starts at the clitoris and also exoften tends downward. The anterior folds of the labia minora encircle the clitoris developing the clitdental hood and the frenulum of the clitoris. Then the labia minor descends obliquely and downward creating the boundaries of the vulva vestibule. At some point, posterior ends of the labia minora terminate as they come to be connected together by a skin fold referred to as the frenulum of the labia minora. The labia minora will encircle the vulva vestibule and also terminating in between the labia majora and the vulva vestibule. With sex-related arousal, the labia minora will certainly come to be engorged via blood and show up edematous.


The clitoris (which is homologous to the glans penis in males) is a sex organ in females that functions as a sensory body organ. The clitoris can be separated right into the glans clitoris and the body of the clitoris. The underlying tissue that makes the clitoris is the corpus cavernous. The corpus cavernous is a kind of erectile tissue that merges together and protrudes to the exterior of the vulva as the glans clitoris. While proximally, the 2 sepaprice ends of the tworry will form the crus of the clitoris (legs of the clitoris) and the body of the clitoris. The glans clitoris is the just visible component of the clitoris. The glans clitoris is highly innervated by nerves and perfoffered by many blood vessels. It is approximated that glans clitoris is innervated by about eight thousand nerve endings. Since the glans clitoris is so extremely innervated, it becomes erected and also engorged through blood throughout sex-related arousal and stimulation.

Vestibular bulbs

The vestibular bulbs (homologous to the bulb of the penis in males) are frameworks formed from corpus spongiosum tissue. This is a type of erectile tissue carefully concerned the clitoris. The vestibule bulbs are two bulbs of erectile tconcern that starts close to the inferior side of the body of the clitoris. The vestibular bulbs then extfinish towards the urethra and vagina on the medal edge of the crus of the clitoris. At some point, the vestibular bulbs will separation and surround the lateral border of the urethra and vaginal. The vestibular bulbs are believed to feature carefully via the clitoris. During sex-related arousal, the vestibular bulbs will certainly end up being engorged through blood. The engorgement of blood then exerts push onto the corpus cavernoamount of the clitoris and also the crus of the clitoris. This exertion of push onto the clitoris is believed to induce a pleasant sensation during sex-related arousal.

Vulva Vestibule

The area in between the labia minora is the vulva vestibule. This is a smooth surface that begins superiorly just listed below the clitoris and also ends inferiorly at the posterior commiscertain of the labia minora. The vulva vestibule includes the opening to the urethra and also the vaginal opening. The boundaries of the vulva vestibule are created from the edge of the labia minora. Tbelow is a demarcation between the vulva vestibule and also the labia minora dubbed Hart"s lines. Hart"s lines recognize the readjust from the vulva vestibule to the labia minora. This readjust of skin appearance is visible by the smovarious other transitional skin appearance of the vulva vestibule to the vulvar appearance of the labia minora.

Bartholin"s Glands

The Bartholin"s glands likewise well-known as the better vestibular glands (homologous to the bulbourethral glands in males) are two pea-sized glands located slightly lateral and posterior to the vagina opening. These two glands feature to secrete a mucus-prefer substance into the vagina and also within the boundaries of the labia minora. This mucus functions as a lubricant to decrease friction in the time of intercourse and a moisturizer for the vulva.

Skene"s Glands

The Skene"s glands, which are also known as the lesser vestibular glands (homologous to the prostate glands in males), are two glands situated on either side of the urethra. These glands are thought to secrete a substance to lubricate the urethra opening. This substance is also believed to act as an antimicrobial. This antimicrobial is used to prevent urinary tract infections. The feature of Skene"s gland is not completely understood however is believed to be the resource of female ejaculation during sexual arousal.


The urethra is an extension of a tube from the bladder to the exterior of the body. The function of the urethra is for the excretion of urine. The urethra in females opens up within the vulva vestibule situated inferior to the clitoris, but remarkable to the vagina opening.

See more: Ca 981 Flight Status : Beijing To New York, Flight Air China Ca981 From Beijing To New York


The vagina is an elastic, muscular tube connected to the cervix proximally and extends to the exterior surchallenge with the vulva vestibule. The distal opening of the vagina is normally partly extended by a membrane dubbed the hymales. The vaginal opening is located posterior to the urethra opening. The attribute of the vagina is for sexual intercourse and also childbirth. During sexual intercourse, the vagina acts as a reservoir for seguys to collect before the sperm ascending into the cervix to travel towards the uterus and fallopian tubes. Also, the vagina also acts as an outcirculation tract for menses.