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Term The procedure by which a cell divides into 2 daughter cells is calleda. metaphaseb. mitosisc. interphased. cell division
Definition d. cell division
Term All of the following are difficulties that growth causes for cells EXCEPTa. obtaining sufficient foodb. expelling wastesc. even more demands on DNAd. excess oxygen
Definition d. excess oxygen
Term The larger a cell becomes, the ______ properly it is able to function.

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Definition less
Term If the surface location of a cell that is shaped prefer a cube boosts 100 times, its volume rises abouta. 100 timesb. 1000 timesc. 5 timesd. 10 times.
Definition b. 1000 times
Term An benefit of sexual remanufacturing over asex-related remanufacturing is that sex-related remanufacturing a. requires even more timeb. produces the same offspringc. takes much less timed. gives genetic diversity
Definition d. offers genetic diversity
Term After cell division, each daughter cell hasa. less DNA in its nucleus than the parent cell.b. even more DNA in its nucleus than the parent cell.c. a higher surface area/volume ratio than the parent cell.d. a lower surface area/volume ratio than the parent cell.
Definition c. a greater surface area/volume ratio than the parent cell.
Term Mitosis is a type of sexual reproduction, bereason the daughter cells that create are similar to the parent cell. True or False
Definition False
Term The price at which wastes are produced by a cell partly depends on the cell’s a. type of membrane.b. volume.c. proportion of surface area to volume.d. surconfront location.
Definition b. volume.
Term Which of the following happens when a cell divides?a. It becomes even more challenging for the cell to remove wastes.b. Each daughter cell receives its own copy of the parent cell’s DNA.c. The cell’s volume rises.d. It becomes even more hard for the cell to gain sufficient oxygen and nutrients.
Definition b. Each daughter cell receives its very own copy of the parent cell’s DNA.
Term As a cell’s dimension rises, its ratio of surconfront location to volume rises. True or False
Definition False
Term As a cell becomes bigger, itsa. volume rises quicker than its surchallenge area.b. surchallenge area rises faster than its volume.c. surchallenge location continues to be the exact same, yet its volume increases.d. volume rises, but its surchallenge area stays the same.
Definition a. volume boosts quicker than its surconfront location.
Term The smaller sized a cell is, the even more hard it is for the cell to move enough nutrients and wastes across its cell membrane to maintain its normal functions. True or False
Definition False
Term A student put three cubes of agar that contained the indicator phenolphthalein in a beaker of vinegar. The sides of the cubes were the following lengths: 3 cm, 2 cm, and 1 cm. In the presence of an acid, such as vinegar, phenolphthalein transforms from pink to clear. After 10 minutes, the student reduced each cube open and measured the distance that the vinegar had diffoffered right into each cube. She then began to complete the data table.What is she trying to test?a. She is probably experimentation the effect of size on the diffusion of products right into each cube. The cubes most likely represent cellsb. She is more than likely trial and error the result of dimension on the active transfer of materials right into each cube. The cubes most likely reexisting cellsc. She is probably experimentation the result of dimension on the diffusion of products out of each cube. The cubes more than likely recurrent cellsd. She is more than likely testing the effect of dimension on the diffusion of products into each cube. The cubes most likely represent vinegar.
Definition a. She is most likely testing the result of dimension on the diffusion of materials into each cube. The cubes more than likely recurrent cells
Term Throughout sex-related reproduction, cells deserve to create genetically various offspring, whereas in the time of _____________ remanufacturing, cells produce genetically the same offspring.
Definition asexual
Term An imaginary cubic cell through a side size of 10 mm would certainly have a ratio of surconfront location to volume of 6 : 10. True or False
Definition True
Term Compared to little cells, big cells have actually more troublea. storing needed products and waste commodities.b. splitting.c. creating daughter cells.d. moving needed products in and also waste assets out.
Definition d. moving necessary products in and also waste commodities out.
Term A student inserted 3 cubes of agar that included the indicator phenolphthalein in a beaker of vinegar. The sides of the cubes were the following lengths: 3 cm, 2 cm, and 1 cm. In the visibility of an acid, such as vinegar, phenolphthalein turns from pink to clear. After 10 minutes, the student cut each cube open and also measured the distance that the vinegar had diffoffered into each cube. She then began to finish the data table.Predict Examine Figure 10–11. In which cube will certainly the vinegar take the longest time to diffuse right into the center? In which tube will certainly the vinegar take the shortest time to diffusage right into the center?a. The vinegar will take the longest amount of time to diffuse to the facility of the 3 cm cube. It will take the shortest amount of time to reach the facility of the 1 cm sides.b. The vinegar will take the longest amount of time to diffusage to the facility of the 1 cm cube. It will take the shortest amount of time to reach the facility of the 3 cm sides.c. The vinegar will certainly take the longest amount of time to diffuse to the center of the 2 cm cube. It will take the shortest amount of time to reach the facility of the 1 cm sides.d. The vinegar will take the longest amount of time to diffusage to the center of the 2 cm cube. It will certainly take the shortest amount of time to reach the facility of the 3 cm sides.
Definition a. The vinegar will take the longest amount of time to diffusage to the center of the 3 cm cube. It will take the shortest amount of time to reach the facility of the 1 cm sides.
Term Which of the complying with represents the phases of mitosis in their correct sequence?a. interphase, prophase, metaphase, telophaseb. interphase, prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophasec. prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophased. prophase, anaphase, metaphase, telophase
Definition c. prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase
Term During cytokinesis, a cell undergoing cell department finally splits into 2 daughter cells. True or False
Definition True
Term In eukaryotes, the spindle breaks dvery own in the time of prophase and also re-develops throughout telophase. True or False
Definition False
Term Cell department occurs in two primary stages, the initially of which is called __________.
Definition mitosis
Term What is the role of the spindle fibers in the time of mitosis?a. They aid separate the chromosomes.b. They make the chromosomes visible.c. They break dvery own the nuclear membrane.d. They duplicate the DNA.
Definition a. They aid separate the chromosomes.
Term Throughout normal mitotic cell division, a parent cell that has actually four chromosomes will certainly develop two daughter cells, each containinga. eight chromosomes.b. 2 chromosomes.c. sixteen chromosomes.d. four chromosomes.
Definition d. four chromosomes.
Term The two primary stperiods of cell department are calleda. the M phase and also the S phase.b. mitosis and cytokinesis.c. synthesis and also cytokinesis.d. mitosis and interphase.
Definition b. mitosis and cytokinesis
Term Generally, the longest phase of mitosis is metaphase. True or False
Definition False
Term The number of sister chromatids in a huguy body cell that is entering cell division is _____ .
Definition 92
Term Which of the complying with is a phase of mitosis?a. prophaseb. S phasec. cytokinesisd. interphase
Definition a. prophase
Term The initially phase of mitosis is calleda. anaphase.b. metaphase.c. interphase.d. prophase.
Definition d. prophase.
Term When throughout the cell cycle are chromosomes visible?a. only during cell divisionb. just when they are being replicatedc. just throughout the G1 phased. just during interphase
Definition a. just during cell division
Term Which occasion occurs in the time of interphase?a. Spindle fibers begin to create.b. The cytoplasm divides.c. Centromeres divide.d. Centrioles duplicate.
Definition d. Centrioles duplicate.
Term Most of a cell’s development takes area throughout the phase of the cell cycle. True or False
Definition False
Term A cell that has actually 5 chromosomes in the G1 phase will certainly have _____ chromatids in the G2 phase.
Definition 10
Term Prokaryotes (bacteria) recreate by an asex-related process known as _______________.
Definition binary fission
Term Which of the following lists structures from smallest to largest?a. chromosome, supercoil, coil, nucleosome, double helixb. double helix, nucleosome, coil, supercoil, chromosomec. chromosome, coil, double helix, nucleosome, supercoild. nucleosome, coil, double helix, chromosome, supercoil
Definition b. double helix, nucleosome, coil, supercoil, chromosome
Term A multicellular organism starts life as a solitary cell—a fertilized egg through a finish set of chromosomes. The image in Figure 10–2 above reflects exactly how the cell divides to come to be two cells, then 4 cells, eight cells, and also so on. Which of the adhering to statements ideal describes what happens in the time of this process?a. Chromosomes are randomly dispersed in the time of cell department so that some new cells have actually partial sets while others have complete sets.b. Chromosomes are stored in the original cell to straight the department of all daughter cells, which execute not have actually their own chromosomes.c. Chromosomes are separated evenly during cell division so that each brand-new daughter cell has an equal share of the original set.d. Chromosomes are copied prior to cell division so that each new daughter cell has actually a complete set.
Definition d. Chromosomes are duplicated before cell department so that each new daughter cell has a finish collection.
Term Which pair contains a phase of the cell cycle and a cellular procedure that occurs in the time of that phase?a. G2 phase, preparation for mitosisb. S phase, cell divisionc. G1 phase, DNA replicationd. M phase, cell growth
Definition a. G2 phase, preparation for mitosis
Term During which phase in the cell cycle does mitosis happen?a. G1 phaseb. G2 phasec. M phased. S phase
Definition c. M phase
Term One difference in between cell department in plant cells and also in pet cells is that plant cells havea. chromatin.b. centrioles.c. centromeres.d. a cell plate.
Definition d. a cell plate.

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Term Which of the following is a correct statement about the occasions of the cell cycle?a. The M phase is commonly the longest phase.b. Interphase consists of the G1, S, and also G2 phases.c. DNA replicates throughout cytokinesis.d. Little happens during the G1 and G2 phases.
Definition b. Interphase consists of the G1, S, and G2 phases
Term When throughout the cell cycle is a cell’s DNA replicated?a. G1 phaseb. M phasec. S phased. G2 phase
Definition c. S phase
Term Throughout which phase of mitosis do the chromosomes line up along the middle of the splitting cell?a. anaphaseb. metaphasec. telophased. prophase
Definition b. metaphase