Locke believed in natural rights; included the right to life, liberty , and property. Hobbes believed in a powerful government , and that people were naturally, cruel, greedy , and selfish.

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Philosophers praised freedom of expression, and argued education for all. Attacked divine-right theory and traditional rights.
Achievements such as the framework for modern chemistry, vaccines against small pox , and the study of reason to apply in human society , were contributions to the Enlightenment.
They applied methods of science. They believed that the use of reason could lead to reforms of government, law, and society
He felt that the government had a duty to protect society, administer in justice, and provide public works.
The policy of laissez-faire allowed business to operate with little or no government interference. Physiocrats supported free trade and opposed tariffs. The physiocrats claimed that their economic system was based on the natural laws of economics.

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Arts evolved to meet changing tastes and reflect new Enlightenment ideas. Art and music changed from BAROQUE style to the lighter ROCOCO. A new type of literature - a prose form called the NOVEL started.

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