Started the Protestant Reformation in Germany when he declared that only the Bible is the source of all faith/belief so religion is just between man and the Bible; there was no need for the Pope, bishops, priests, etc.
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Started Calvinism in France during the Protestant Reformation. Calvinism said that everyone is going to hell but only a few chosen ones, graced by God, will go to heaven. The chosen ones are going to heaven no matter what. Also, you can tell who is chosen or not; the chosen ones will be good, upright citizens. This will later lead to the puritans that helped settle America.
Wanted the Pope to annul his marriage to Catherine of Aragon so he can marry Anne Bolyn. The Pope refused so Henry declared himself head of the Church of England which became known as the Anglican church. There weren”t much difference between Catholic church and the Anglican church during that time.
This was a treaty between Holy Roman Emperor Charles V and Lutheran princes within the empire.It ended the religious struggle between the 2 sides, and established the principal of “Cuius regio, eius religio” which gave individual rulers the right to choose either Protestant Lutheranism or Catholicism as the sole religion in their realms.
1555/ The Roman Catholic church recognized the Lutheran church as a completely legitimate expression of Christian faith and practice.The Catholics don”t like to talk about this one today as it weakens if not ruins their claim to be the one true church.
This session attempted to calm rising tensions over Protestantism, especially due to fears of the rising Ottoman threat; the Ottomans under Suleiman had almost taken Vienna in 1529 and Charles V wanted Christianity to unite against this force.
After the Edict of Worms had condemned Lutheranism, problems of enforcement emerged as Charles V waged wars against France and commitments in the rest of his empire prevented him from focusing on German religious problems.
Charles V signed a successful peace treaty with France. After these successes, Charles aimed to assert his control over what he saw as German religious heresies. It brought forth the Augsburg Confession, a central document of Lutheranism that was presented to emperor Charles V.
Also they teach that this faith is bound to bring forth good fruits, and that it is necessary to do good works commanded by God, because of God”s will, but that we should not rely on those works to merit justification before God. For remission of sins and justification is apprehended by faith, as also the voice of Christ attests: When ye shall have done all these things, say: We are unprofitable servants. Luke 17:10. The same is also taught by the Fathers. For Ambrose says: It is ordained of God that he who believes in Christ is saved, freely receiving remission of sins, without works, by faith alone.
Of Baptism they teach that it is necessary to salvation, and that through Baptism is offered the grace of God, and that children are to be baptized who, being offered to God through Baptism are received into God”s grace.They condemn the Anabaptists, who reject the baptism of children, and say that children are saved without Baptism.
He translated the Christian Bible in to modern vernacular, wrote multiple hymns, wrote the 95 thesis, and had many speeches and pamphlets.
In his fight with the Pope over his divorce of Catherine he cut himself off from the Catholic church and made the Church illegal in England. He began the Church of England and started to take the church properties from the Catholic church and close churches. He had churches destroyed, arrested clergy, and took church property. Thus, the Protestant Reformation was begun under his rein. Anne Boleyn added to it by pushing Henry to keep up his fight with the church and published articles against the church. They were enable to enrich the Crown with the goods and property of the Catholic church. This event effectively lead to England breaking away from the Roman Catholic Church based in Rome. Henry placed himself as head of the church and in that sense, in his eyes, his divorce was perfectly legal. In 1533, few were brave enough to tell him otherwise!
What did King Henry VIII write
15 Poems and Songs, most notably, “Greensleeves” which was written to woo Anne Boleyn
He was a Swiss theologian who was an early leader in the Protestant Reformation and who helped created one of the main branches of Protestantism, known as the Reformed Tradition. Although he was the first major figure in the Swiss Protestant Reformation, he was the only major figure whose work did not directly lead to the creation of a church or movement in his name. Zwingli”s ideas had an influence on all Protestant branches, however, from the more conservative Lutherans to the more radical Anabaptists.