How To Use The Suffix &Quot;-Ose&Quot; Indicates, Suffix Definition & Meaning

: a letter or a group of letters that is added to the end of a word to change its meaning or to form a different word The adjective “smokeless” is formed by adding the suffix “-less” to the noun “smoke.” The adverb “sadly” is formed by adding the suffix “-ly” to the adjective “sad.”
suf·​fix | ˈsə-fiks , (ˌ)sə-ˈfiks

Other Words from suffix What are prefixes, suffixes, and combining forms? Example Sentences Learn More About suffix
suffixal ˈsə-​fik-​səl , (ˌ)sə-​ˈfik-​səl adjective
suffixation ˌsə-​fik-​ˈsā-​shən noun

What are prefixes, suffixes, and combining forms?


Prefixes and suffixes are both kinds of affixes. That is, they are word parts that attach to the beginning or end of a word or word base (a word stripped down to its simplest form) to produce a related word or an inflectional form of a word. Examples are in- in informal and both re- and -ing in reporting.

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A third kind of affix is called an infix. Infixes are inserted into a word or word base. English uses very few infixes, but a couple examples are the plural-making s in words like cupsful and passersby, and various swear words, like damn in informal constructions like guaran-damn-tee.

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A combining form is a form of a word that only appears as part of another word. There are a number of kinds of combining forms, each classified by what kind of word results when the form is used. For example, -wise in clockwise is an adverb combining form; -like in birdlike is an adjective combining form; -graph in photograph is a noun combining form; and -lyze in electrolyze is a verb combining form.

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Combining forms are similar to affixes but can have a bit more lexical substance to them. Unlike affixes, combining forms are substantial enough to form a word simply by connecting to an affix, such as when the combining form cephal- joins with the suffix -ic to form cephalic. A combining form can also differ from an affix in its being derived from an independent word. For example, para- is a combining form in the word paratrooper because in that word it represents the word parachute. Para- is a prefix, however, in the words paranormal and paramedic. A combining form can also be distinguished historically from an affix by the fact that it is borrowed from another language in which it is descriptively a word or a combining form, such as the French mal giving English the mal- in malfunction.

Examples of suffix in a Sentence

Noun The adjective “smokeless” is formed by adding the suffix “-less” to the noun “smoke.” The adverb “sadly” is formed by adding the suffix “-ly” to the adjective “sad.”
Recent Examples on the Web: Noun Each is pegfilgrastim but, as required by FDA guidance, each of the biosimilars and the originator itself is further identified by a random four-letter suffix. — Howard S. Hochster, STAT, 6 Oct. 2021 The suffix also means that each biosimilar is now an individually identifiable drug and the pharmaceutical companies have adopted a strategy of branded biosimilars. — Howard S. Hochster, STAT, 6 Oct. 2021 First of all, the word extension is not necessarily correct; the suffix at the end of a domain name is technically referred to as the top-level domain, or TLD. — Michael Gargiulo, Forbes, 23 Sep. 2021 But the suffix began its most expansive journey in the ’70s and ’80s, with the advent of hardcore music — that faster, more aggressive, intense genre of punk rock that has deep roots in the D.C. area. — Washington Post, 13 Sep. 2021 The Chargers have 11 players who use a name suffix. — Jeff Miller, Los Angeles Times, 11 Sep. 2021 Curiously, the Sian, which used a supercapacitor hybrid system, did not include the LPI suffix, suggesting that the Countach could have a new hybrid setup. — Caleb Miller, Car and Driver, 9 Aug. 2021 Address the e-mail to the person”s mobile phone number followed by the cellular carrier”s e-mail suffix. — Steve Alexander, Star Tribune, 11 July 2021 Our correspondent believes the original plat of the subdivision would reveal the truth, unless there”s a city ordinance that changed the suffix. — Frank Fellone, Arkansas Online, 3 July 2021

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word “suffix.” Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of suffix


1720, in the meaning defined above


1778, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for suffix


borrowed from New Latin suffīxum, noun derivative from neuter of Latin suffīxus, past participle of suffīgere “to fasten from below, attach to the top of,” from suf-, assimilated form of sub- sub- + fīgere “to drive in, insert, fasten” — more at fix entry 1


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