The Committees Of Safety Quizlet, Chapter 5 (Part 1)

The attack by Massachusetts colonists on the home of lieutenant governor and chief justice Thomas Hutchinson:a. convinced him that the Stamp Act, which he had previously supported, was unwise.b. physically assaulted Hutchinson”s family, an act that prompted Great Britain to clamp down on colonial liberties.c. led Hutchinson to believe that effective British rule would require the loss of some liberties for the colonists.d. led Parliament to repeal of the Townshend Acts immediately.e. included Samuel and John Adams.

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c. led Hutchinson to believe that effective British rule would require the loss of some liberties for the colonists.
What major event first led the British government to seek ways to make the colonies bear part of the cost of the empire?a. the Declaration of Independenceb. King Philip”s Warc. the Seven Years” Ward. the Boston Tea Partye. the appointment of William Pitt as British prime minister
Virtual representation was the idea:a. that only those who were elected by a given population could represent that population in a legislative body.b. about representation that most politically-active American colonists in the 1760s and 1770s embraced.c. endorsed by the Stamp Act Congress in 1765.d. that each member of Britain”s House of Commons represented the entire empire, not just his own district.e. that the king should appoint delegates to represent the colonies in the British House of Commons.
d. that each member of Britain”s House of Commons represented the entire empire, not just his own district.
The Sugar Act alarmed colonists, in part because it:a. increased the tax on molasses and made rum more expensive to produce.b. made sugar, a key consumer good, too expensive.c. mandated that violators of the act be tried in a court with a jury.d. eliminated the admiralty courts, which colonists had long favored.e. threatened the profits of colonial merchants already in economic trouble.
The Stamp Act created such a stir in the colonies because:a. it raised prices on printed products so much that most colonists no longer could afford to buy books and newspapers.b. lawyers were offended that they could be jailed for not using the correct stamp on legal documents.c. it was the first direct tax Parliament imposed on the colonies.d. none of the revenue raised would be spent within the colonies themselves.e. Benjamin Franklin went public with his opposition to it.
What contribution did the Stamp Act episode make to the colonists” concept of liberty?a. The elite became more aware of liberty, but the lower classes remained unconcerned, choosing instead just to follow leaders who encouraged them to riot.b. The Stamp Act Congress insisted that the right to consent to taxation was essential to people”s freedom.c. It led the Stamp Act Congress to adopt the Declaratory Act, which defined American liberties.d. It convinced colonists that revolting against Great Britain was the only way to secure their liberties.e. Requiring everyone freed from jail to wear a stamp reminded colonists that they were prisoners of the British empire.
b. The Stamp Act Congress insisted that the right to consent to taxation was essential to people”s freedom.
The Sons of Liberty:a. was the creation of several ambitious but not-too-wealthy New York merchants.b. won widespread support from New York”s upper classes.c. opposed any violent response to the Stamp Act.d. prompted founder Samuel Adams and his cousin John Adams to break off relations.e. caused the Boston Massacre in 1765.
The Declaratory Act:a. imposed a boycott on all manufactured goods produced in the colonies.b. declared that colonists had to house British soldiers in their homes.c. closed the Port of Boston on account of the Boston Tea Party.d. rejected Americans” claims that only their elected representatives could levy taxes.e. proclaimed the colonies” independence from Great Britain.
Violent social turmoil in rural areas during the 1760s:a. was due entirely to Great Britain”s Proclamation of 1763, banning western settlement.b. ended when the British army drove out Native Americans beyond the line of settlement.c. flourished because the British army had no interest in going beyond coastal cities.d. led to the creation of the Sons of Liberty.e. involved events in both northern and southern colonies.
What armed group, motivated by deep frustrations with the corruption of North Carolina”s county officials, was defeated by the colony”s militia at the 1771 Battle of Alamance?a. the Sons of Libertyb. the Regulatorsc. the Blue Ridge Boysd. the Associatione. the Rangers
Which one of the following did NOT specifically provide for direct or indirect taxes on the colonies?a. the Sugar Actb. the Tea Actc. the Townshend Actd. the Stamp Acte. the Declaratory Act
Ethan Allen and the Green Mountain Boys:a. started the colony of New Hampshire.b. forced the British army to retreat at Concord.c. were spies working for the Sons of Liberty.d. put down the revolt of the Regulators in North Carolina.e. fought intrusions by New York landlords into what became Vermont.

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The Townshend Act did all of the following EXCEPT:a. impose new import duties on glass and tea.b. encourage some colonies to boycott British goods.c. reaffirm Boston”s decision to abide by the Quartering Act.d. create a Board of Customs Commissioners to catch smugglers.e. raise revenue to pay the salaries of American governors and judges.
The “Daughters of Liberty” was the name given to:a. the female children of the Founding Fathers, especially the daughters of Washington, Adams, and Jefferson.b. New England women who won voting rights in the 1770s.c. the brave women who cared for wounded soldiers during the early battles of the Revolution.d. women who spun and wove to create their own clothing rather than buy British goods.e. the first national women”s patriotic organization, which raised money to provide supplies for the Continental army after Saratoga.
The Boston Massacre occurred when British soldiers:a. killed Indians who were raiding frontier towns.b. fired into a mob and killed a number of Boston residents.c. captured members of the Sons of Liberty involved in the Boston Tea Party.d. fired on local minutemen guarding an arsenal.e. tried to defend Thomas Hutchinson from an angry mob.
Crispus Attucks:a. defended in court the British soldiers who participated in the Boston Massacre.b. organized the boycott of British imports following the Townshend Act.c. was the first person of mixed race to serve in the Continental Congress.d. has been called the first martyr of the American Revolution.e. died bravely at the Battle of Concord.
The expulsion of the journalist John Wilkes from his seat in Parliament:a. symbolized the threat to liberty for many in both Britain and America.b. pleased most American colonists because of Wilkes”s pro-Stamp-Act editorials.c. resulted from a column Wilkes wrote that was sympathetic toward those killed in the Boston Massacre.d. came after a London jury convicted him of colluding with proindependence colonists.e. was reversed by the king, which led to a British constitutional crisis that diverted attention from the colonies.
Why did colonists object to the Tea Act?a. Because it would aid a different part of the empire than their own, colonists felt that this was the kind of discriminatory action that violated the concept of liberty.b. By paying it, they would be acknowledging Great Britain”s right to tax the colonists.c. It granted a monopoly, and the colonists opposed all forms of monopoly.d. The British East India Company made inferior tea, and colonists preferred not to drink it.e. It raised the tax on tea so much as to make tea prohibitively expensive.
Britain responded to the Boston Tea Party with:a. the Townshend Act.b. the Intolerable Acts.c. a declaration of war.d. the Suffolk Resolves.e. the Boston Massacre.
Which of the following was associated with the Intolerable Acts?a. British authorities stationed soldiers in Boston for the first time.b. Parliament closed all American ports to all trade until the tea destroyed by the Boston Tea Party was paid for.c. The Massachusetts Charter of 1691 was changed to curtail town meetings.d. The office of governor of Massachusetts became an elected position.e. Colonists were prevented from producing items made from glass, paper, or lead.
The Quebec Act:a. granted religious toleration to Catholics in Canada.b. placed a tax on all imported goods from Canada.c. removed the Ohio River Valley from the province of Quebec.d. called for Canada to join America in the struggle for independence.e. created Quebec out of the preexisting provinces of Ontario and New Brunswick.
What were the Suffolk Resolves?a. the peace treaty that ended the Regulator movement in North Carolinab. a list of demands addressed to landlords, made in 1772 by New York tenant farmersc. a group of anti-Tea-Act petitions from Boston merchants to the Massachusetts royal governord. the resolutions pledging the Continental Congress”s loyalty to King George III in 1775e. a set of resolutions made in 1774, urging Massachusetts citizens to prepare for war
The Committees of Safety:a. served to warn colonists if the Royal Navy was approaching.b. were part of a series of efforts by the Continental Congress to promote unity and to take action against enemies of liberty.c. killed twenty-eight Loyalists before the Revolutionary War began.d. took action against Catholics trying to spread Quebec”s influence.e. were designed to protect British officials like Thomas Hutchinson, but attracted too small a number of members to succeed.

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b. were part of a series of efforts by the Continental Congress to promote unity and to take action against enemies of liberty.




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