Let"s say you"ve studied Japanese for a while. In your textbook, you most likely learned "I have to" is:


~なければなりません

This is a combination of なければ which means "if (one) doesn"t..." and also なりません which suggests "should not." The double negative means, "one have to carry out."


But exactly how frequently have you heard なければなりません in the wild? Probably not from your friends, yet probably you"ve heard it on news broadcasts or through speeches and even more formal occasions.

You are watching: I have in japanese

It is a tiny stiff. Similar to the panda below...


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So, just how execute Japanese world reallysay "I have to" normally?

We"ll gain to that, however initially, here"s another develop of the stiff なければなりません: なければいけません.


Both mean "have actually to; must; should; ought to" yet there is a (very) subtle difference in the なりません and also いけません.

なりません sounds last and formal. It is objectively taken you need to not execute somepoint. "You have to not perform somepoint."いけません is even more subjective and probably slightly much less formal. "You shouldnot to perform something"

So, なりません might be slightly more powerful, yet in basic, these 2 are entirely interchangeable.

In this post, we"ll use いけない or いけません for the examples, but ならない or なりません are likewise possible.

Construction:

The excellent news is, all the develops (except the last one--which is even easier) use the adhering to construction.

Get the ない develop of a verbDrop the ないAdd among the creates below

Ready for the genuine Japanese you might hear in the wild? Let"s get to it.

Less Stiff (Casual) Forms


なきゃ (+ いけない (or ならない))
行(い)かなきゃいけない I have to go.

or shorten further:


行いかなきゃ I gotta go.
勉強(べんきょう)しなきゃ I gotta study.

People frequently say ~なきゃ once talking to themselves.


あ、行いかなきゃ!

However before, if you desire to include something after the verb, you have to lug earlier the いけない.This isn"t always done in incredibly casual conversation, however to be correct, carry back いけない. For example:


あした、学校(がっこう)に行いかなきゃいけないと思(おも)う。I think I have to go to school tomorrow.


なくちゃ + いけない (or ならない)
行いかなくちゃいけない I need to go.

Similar to なきゃ, it is normally said without the いけない unless tright here is some word after the verb.


行いかなくちゃ I gotta go.
勉強べんきょうしなくちゃ I gotta study.

あした、学校がっこうに行いかなくちゃいけないと思おもう。I think I need to go to institution tomorrow.


ないと + いけない (or ならない)
行いかないといけない I need to go.

With this form, don"t drop the ない! Just include と and いけない after it. Easy.

As with the above examples, you deserve to likewise drop the いけない:


行いかないと I gotta go.

This form, however, can be supplied in formal instances by including いけません (the ます form):


もっと日本語にほんごを勉強べんきょうしないといけません。I need to study Japanese even more.


The formal ないといけません is most likely even more prevalent and also certainly easier to say than the textbook なければいけません. You store the ない and simply include と.


In conclusion

For formal consumption, just usage ~ないといけませんFor casual consumption, use なきゃ or なくちゃ
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