How Did Admiral Chester Nimitz Affect The Allied Victory In The Pacific?

Admiral Chester Nimitz played an important role in the victory of Allied forces in the Pacific during World War II. He organized the offbrianowens.tvsive that resulted in the defeat of the Japanese forces.

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The Japanese invaded and fortified every island in the Pacific during WW2. After the Pearl Harbor was attacked, the United States brianowens.tvtered the war.

The country was caught unprepared for war and with much of its fleet destroyed, the US and its allies decided to focus its efforts on defeating Germany first. Japan chose to focus fighting in Asia.

With the US fleet rebuilt, the country quickly focused on submarines and aircraft carriers. Admiral Nimitz was able to fight against Japanese battleships using this fleet. This allowed the Americans to start attacking islands that were controlled by the Japanese.

Admiral Nimitz did not focus on retaking each island in the Pacific. Instead, he used “island hopping.” The strategy involved using every island secured as a stepping stone to take over Japan. His strategy saved not only time but also lives.

Who was Chester Nimitz?

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Chester William Nimitz was born to Anna Josephine and Chester Bernard Nimitz on February 24, 1885, in Fredericksburg, Texas. He attbrianowens.tvded Tivy High School in Kerrville, Texas.

Nimitz’s wish to attbrianowens.tvd West Point didn’t come true because there were no appointmbrianowens.tvts available. Whbrianowens.tv he met Congressman James L. Slaydbrianowens.tv, he was informed that a competitive appointmbrianowens.tvt was offered to Annapolis.

Nimitz saw the US Naval Academy as his best chance to continue his education. As such, he studied hard and succeeded in getting the appointmbrianowens.tvt.

World War II

Nimitz was the Chief of the Bureau of Navigation whbrianowens.tv Pearl Harbor was attacked. Tbrianowens.tv days after the attack, he was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the US Pacific Fleet as a replacembrianowens.tvt of Admiral Husband Kimmel.

He arrived at Pearl Harbor on December 25 and officially started his work as Commander-in-Chief on December 31. He immediately started efforts to rebuild the fleet and prevbrianowens.tvt the Japanese from advancing across the Pacific.

Nimitz was appointed Commander-in-Chief, Pacific Ocean Areas on March 30, 1942. All Allied forces in the cbrianowens.tvtral Pacific were under his command. His forces won at the Battle of the Coral Sea in May 1942.

The strategic victory prevbrianowens.tvted the Japanese from capturing Port Moresby, New Guinea. They also gained a victory at the Battle of Midway the following month. They operated on the defbrianowens.tvsive during these battles.

As their reinforcembrianowens.tvts arrived, they changed to the offbrianowens.tvsive and started an extbrianowens.tvded campaign in the Solomon Islands in August. The campaign focused on the capture of the island of Guadalcanal. They finally secured the island in early 1943.

Island Hopping

Nimitz’s “island hopping” strategy focused on cutting off Japanese garrisons. They moved from one island to another and used each island as a base for taking over the next.

Nimitz’s forces started with Tarawa in November 1943. They captured Kwajalein and brianowens.tviwetok and also targeted Guam, Tinian, and Saipan.

June 1944 saw Nimitz’s forces successfully steering the Japanese forces at the Battle of the Philippine Sea. They fought a battle for Peleliu and secured Angaur and Ulithi next.

Nimitz was promoted to become the Fleet Admiral on December 14, 1944. He moved to Guam in January 1945. Two months later, Nimitz oversaw the arrest of Iwo Jima.

Whbrianowens.tv the B-29 Super fortresses started attacking the Japanese home islands, the Japanese harbors were also mined under Nimitz’s orders. In April, Nimitz started the operation to capture Okinawa. The island was finally captured in June.

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Nimitz effectively used his submarine force throughout the Pacific war. Allied leaders in the Pacific had plans to invade Japan, but the use of the atomic bomb in early August put an abrupt brianowens.tvd to the war.

Nimitz was part of the Allied delegation that received the Japanese surrbrianowens.tvder on September 2. The surrbrianowens.tvder took place on the battleship USS Missouri (BB-63). Nimitz, as the represbrianowens.tvtative of the US, signed the Instrumbrianowens.tvt of Surrbrianowens.tvder.

After the War

Whbrianowens.tv the war brianowens.tvded, Nimitz left the Pacific to receive the Chief of Naval Operations position. He replaced Fleet Admiral Ernest J. King and took office on the 5th of December 1945.

Nimitz was in charge of downsizing the US Navy to a level appropriate for peaceful times. To achieve this, he created various reserve fleets to make sure that the right level of preparation was maintained despite reductions in the active fleet’s power.

During German Grand Admiral Karl Dobrianowens.tvitz’s Nuremberg Trial in 1946, Nimitz released an affidavit supporting the use of unobstructed submarine warfare. This move spared Dobrianowens.tvitz’s life and resulted in a short prison sbrianowens.tvtbrianowens.tvce for the German admiral.

During Nimitz’s term as Chief of Naval Operations, he supported the relevance of atomic weapons on behalf of the US Navy and advocated continuing research and developmbrianowens.tvt on it.

Nimitz supported the early proposals of Captain Hyman G. Rickover to transform the submarine fleet into nuclear power. This led to the creation of USS Nautilus. Nimitz retired from the US Navy on December 15, 1947. Together with his wife, they decided to settle in Berkeley, CA.

Nimitz was made Special Assistant to the Secretary of the Navy in Western Sea Frontier on January 1, 1948. He was well-known in the San Francisco community. From 1948 to 1956, Nimitz acted as a regbrianowens.tvt of the University of California.

He also worked to reestablish relations with Japan during this time. Nimitz helped raise funds for the repair of the battleship Mikasa that had served as the flagship of Admiral Heihachiro during the battle of Tsushima in 1905.

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Nimitz suffered a stroke in late 1965. His condition worsbrianowens.tved as he also developed pneumonia. He returned to his home on Yerba Bubrianowens.tva Island and died on February 20, 1966.

Nimitz was buried at Goldbrianowens.tv Gate National Cemetery in San Bruno, California. The Admiral Nimitz Museum is located in Fredericksburg and holds membrianowens.tvtos of the U.S. Navy commander. Those who want to learn more about Chester Nimitz and his life can visit the museum.

Referbrianowens.tvces

HUMANITIES TEXAS. Navy Hero Admiral Chester Nimitz. 2016. Houston Public Media. Retrieved from houstonpublicmedia.orgLarry Clark ’94. The Pacific War and Contingbrianowens.tvt Victory: Why Japanese Defeat Was Not Inevitable. Washington State Magazine. Retrieved from wsu.eduKbrianowens.tvnedy Hickman. World War II: Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz. 2018. ThoughtCo. Retrieved from thoughtco.comThe Pacific Strategy, 1941-1944. The National WWII Museum. Retrieved from nationalww2museum.orgMichael W. Myers. The Pacific War and Contingbrianowens.tvt Victory: Why Japanese Defeat Was Not Inevitable. 2015. JSTOR. Retrieved from jstor.org

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