Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) and also halons ruin the earth"s protective ozone layer, which shields the earth from harmful ultraviolet (UV-B) rays produced from the sun. CFCs and also HCFCs additionally warmth the reduced environment of the earth, transforming worldwide climate. Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) likewise act to heat the earth. The Minnesota Pollution Control Agency ( is functioning through sector, citizens and also federal government to reduce the damage done to the ozone layer and also international climate by CFCs, HCFCs, HFCs and associated chemicals.

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Why are CFCs and HFCs negative for the environment?

Ozone depletion

Man-made compounds such as chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), hydrofluorocarbons (HCFCs) and halons damage ozone in the top setting (stratosphere). The stratospheric ozone layer provides life possible by shielding the earth from harmful ultraviolet (UV-B) rays created from the sunlight. Decreased concentration of stratospheric ozone enables raised quantities of UV-B to reach the earth"s surface.

Stratospheric ozone loss deserve to bring about potential harm to human health and the atmosphere, including:

enhanced incidence of skin cancer and cataractsimmune device system damagedamages to terrestrial and also aquatic plant lifeboosted development of ground-level ozone (smog)

Most stratospheric ozone depletion is led to as soon as chlorine or bromine reacts via ozone. Many of the chlorine entering the stratospright here is from synthetic resources (84%), such as CFCs and HCFCs via the continuing to be 16% from herbal resources, such as the sea and volcanoes. About fifty percent of bromine entering the stratosphere is from artificial resources, mostly Halons.

Climate change

While acting to ruin ozone, CFCs and also HCFCs additionally act to trap heat in the lower setting, resulting in the earth to warm and climate and also weather to readjust. HFCs, which originally were emerged to replace CFCs and HCFCs, also absorb and trap infrared radiation or warm in the lower setting of the earth. HFCs, CFCs and also HFCs are a subset of a larger group of climate transforming gases referred to as greenhouse gases (GHGs). Taken together greenresidence gases are expected to heat the earth by 2.5 to 8 degrees Fahrenheit by the end of century.

HFCs, CFCs and also HFCs add an approximated 11.5% to present-day impact of GHGs on climate and climate readjust. Some results of global climate adjust include:

Rising sea levelsLocal natural species extinctions and also habitat lossMore regular hefty rainfall and floodingHigh heat tension in summerIncreasing health and wellness risk from insect and also water-borne diseases

The production of CFCs in the United brianowens.tvd or their import was prohibited as of January 1, 1996. Use of CFCs is minimal to devices put into use before 1996. The manufacturing or import of HCFC-22 and also HCFC-142b for usage in brand-new systems or applications was banned in the US as of January 1, 2010, although manufacturing and also import for usage in existing tools is enabled through 2019. The production or import of HCFC-141b for any purpose were prohibited as of January 1, 2004.

Many HFC supplies in new units or applications are being phased out under USEPA Rules over a staggered schedule that begins in 2016 and also stretches with 2024. Under these Rules, most HFC uses in polyurethane and also various other foams and also in new retail food refrigerated instances will be phased out in between January 1, 2016 and January 1 2020. Use of HFCs in mobile air conditioning will end via Model Year 2020, while restrictions on HFC usage in brand-new fire suppression units, cold storage, residential refrigeration, and also structure chillers go into area on January 1 of 2018, 2021, 2023 and also 2024, respectively.

Use of HFCs in existing tools is unaffected by EPA regulations. Minnesota has actually an approximated 12 million residential appliances and car air conditioners that contain a complete of around 13,000 lots of CFCs, HCFCs and also HFCs.

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Regulations are in place to aid prevent the release of CFCs, HCFCs and HFCs into the setting. In addition to the miscellaneous production bans, servicers and also disposers of appliances and motor vehicle air conditioners are forced to obtain technician certification, correct refrigerant recovery or recycling devices, and store documents.