Blenheim Palace In Oxfordshire Was Financed By The British Crown As

Dome of S. Carlo alle Quattro Fontane One of Sixtus V”s grand routes linking districts of the city Embellished with four fountains on each corner of the intersection diagonal from each other

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S. Ivo della Sapienza floor plan and dome Chapel added onto the curved end of an existing two story courtyard at Archiginnasio, belonging to a college known as La Sapienza (now part of the University of Rome)
Four Doctors of the Latin Church A fresco placed on one of the pendentives of the dome at Il Gesu Represents the New Testament
St. Peter”s Basilica Michaelangelo Buonarroti and Carlo Maderno c. 1546-64 Rome Baroque Most important Christian monument in Rome Building came to a halt with the death of Michaelangelo in 1564 but was resumed by Sixtus V
St. Peter”s Complex Gianlorenzo Bernini c. 1748 Rome Much of the interior decorated by Bernini, as well as the Plaza of St. Peter in front of the church Vatican Obelisk in the middle
Pope Sixtus V plan for Rome: “His design program both guided the city”s development for the next hundred years or more and influenced urban design througout Europe and eventually America.” Redesigned roads and walkways, plus the addition of dozens monuments and landmarks, made foot travel easy for pedestrians, and transformed Rome into a religious hub for pilgrims (tourists)
Piazza Navona, Rome Commissioned by Pope Innocent X to rebuild the old plaza to include a new church and a huge fountain S. Agnese church, Borromini, c. 1644 Four Rivers Fountain, Bernini, c. 1648-51 Used for religious festivals, markets, celebrations and gatherings
Four Rivers Fountain Piazza Navona c. 1648-51 Bernini Rome Represents the four major rivers: the Nile (Africa), the Danube (Europe), the Ganges (Asia) and the Platte (Americas)
Piazza del Popolo, Rome, 1662-79 Established by Sixtus V to be the first thing pilgrims see when entering the city from the north, placed at the point where Rome”s three radial streets converged Includes Egyptian obelisk and the “twin churches”
The “twin churches” of Piazza del Popolo S. Maria del Miracoli and S. Maria in Montesanto Carlo Rainaldi and Bernini c. 1662-79 Designed to look the same, but left has oval shaped dome while right has circular dome, among several other minor differences

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Dome of San Lorenzo It”s builder, Guarini, was the architect that spread Baroque architecture to northern Italy with several of his buildings, San Lorenzo being one of them
Karlskirche Johann Bernard Fischer von Erlach c. 1716-1725, Vienna, Austria An example of central-european-baroque architecture, a style driven by the Church Reformation (much like Italy), but also received supported from monarchs, princes and other royalty
Würzburg Residenz Johann Balthasar Neumann c. 1720 Wurzburg, Germany Central European Baroque Built for the prince-bishops of the Schonborn family An example of royalty and other important figures displaying their power and significance through elaborate and spectacular palaces. The baroque worked well for this purpose
S. Louis des Invalides Jules-Hardouin Mansart c. 1670-1708 Paris, France Design based on Michaelangelo”s design for the same church, as well as St. Peter”s Basilica
Palace at Versailles Andre Le Notre c. 1661 Versaille, France (20 miles southwest of Paris) Expanded by King Louis XIV because he enjoyed playing there as a child, made it his permanent residence
Versailles The French army drained 37,000 acres of water and diverted a river 30 miles to service the palace”s 1,400 fountains Expansion continued under Jules-Hardouin Mansart to accommodate the rest of the royal court
St. Stephen Welbrook Christopher Wren c. 1672-1687 London Christopher Wren is responsible for most of the major churches and buildings and layout of London in the rebuilding of London after the great fire
Blenheim Palace Sir John Vanbrugh and Nicholas Hawksmoor c. 1705-1724 Oxfordshire, England Financed the British Crown as a means of rewarding the Duke of Marlborough for his military exploits at the battle of Blenheim
Villa Rotunda Andrea Palladio c. 1592 Vicenza, Italy Inspired by the Pantheon in Rome, built to be Palladio”s home

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Chiswick House Lord Burlington c. 1725-29 London Neo-Palladian, inspired by Andrea Palladio”s Villa Rotunda, much like most of neo-palladian architecture


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