TermDescription
fifty percent step Smallest interval provided in the Western system; the octave divides into twelve such intervals; on the piano, the distance between any kind of 2 surrounding keys, whether babsence or white. Also semitone.

You are watching: A twelve-tone scale, including all the semitones of the octave, is called:

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chromatic/chromatic range Melody or harmony developed from many if not all twelve semitones of the octave. A chromatic scale is composed of an ascending or descfinishing sequence of semitones.Page 20
sharp (sign) Musical symbol (#) that shows increasing a pitch by a semitone.

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flat (sign) Musical symbol (b) that indicates lowering a pitch by a semitone.Page 21
totality action Interval consisting of two fifty percent steps, or semitones.Page 21
essential Defines the partnership of tones via a common facility or tonic. Also a lever on a key-board or woodwind instrument.Page 21
diatonic Melody or harmony developed from the salso tones of a major or minor scale. A diatonic range incorporates fads of seven totality tones and also semitones. A diatonic scale includes fads of seven totality tones and semitones.Page 22
pentatonic Five-note pattern offered in some Afrihave the right to, Far Eastern, and Native American musics; have the right to also be found in Western music as an example of exoticism.Page 23
tritonic Three-note scale pattern, offered in the music of some sub-Saharan African cultures.Page 23
heptatonic Seven-note scale; in non-Western musics, frequently fashioned from a various combination of intervals than major and minor scales.Page 23
microtone Musical interval smaller sized than a semitone, prevalent in some non-Western musics and in some twentieth-century art music.Page 23
inflection Small change of the pitch by a microtonal interval. See additionally blue note.Page 23
active chords In the diatonic system, chords which must resolve the tonic chord. These include the dominant chord and also the subdominant chord.Page 24
rest chord A chord that achieves a feeling of resolution or completion, commonly the tonic.Page 24
leading The fifth scale step, sol.Page 24
subdominant The fourth range step, fa.Page 24
modulation The process of transforming from one crucial to one more.Page 24
transplace Shifting a item of music to a various pitch level.Page 24