A Speculative Statement About The Relationship Between Two Or More Variables Is Known As A

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Term What is the scientific method?
Definition

A systematic, organized series of steps that ensures maximum objectivity and consistency in researching a problem.

You are watching: A speculative statement about the relationship between two or more variables is known as a

Term

What is an operational definition?
Definition

An explanation about an abstract term that is specific enough to allow a researcher to assess the concept.
Term

What is a hypothesis?
Definition

A speculative statement about the relationship between two or more variables.
Term

What is a variable?
Definition

A measurable trait or characteristic that is subject to change under different conditions.
Term

What is an independent variable?
Definition

In a causal relationship that causes or influences a change in a second variable.
Term

What is a dependent variable?
Definition

In a causal relationship that is subject to the influence of another variable.
Term

What is causal logic?
Definition

Relationship between a condition or variable and a particular consequence, with one event leading to the other.
Term

What is a correlation?
Definition

A relationship between two variables in which a change in one coincides with a change in the other.
Term

What is a sample?
Definition

A selection from a larger population that is statistically representative of that population.
Term

What is a random sample?
Definition

A sample for which every member of an entire population has the same chance of being selected.
Term

What is validity?
Definition

The degree to which a measure or scale truly reflects the phenomenon under study.
Term

What is reliability?
Definition

The extent to which a measure produces consistent results.
Term

What is a control variable?
Definition

A factor that is held constant to test the relative impact of an independent variable.
Term

What is a research design?
Definition

A detailed plan or method for obtaining data scientifically.
Term

What is a survey?
Definition

A study, generally in the form of an interview or questionnaire, that provides researchers with information about how people think and act.
Term

What is quantitative research?
Definition

Collects and reports data primarily in numerical form.

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What is qualitative research?
Definition

Relies on what is seen in field or naturalistic settings more than on statistical data.
Term

What is observation?
Definition

A research technique in which an investigator collects information through direct participation and by closely watching a group or community.
Term

What is ethnography?
Definition

The study of an entire social setting through extended systematic observation,
Term

What is an experiment?
Definition

An artificially created situation that allows a researcher to manipulate variables.
Term

What is an experimental group?
Definition

The subjects in an experiment who are not introduced to the independent variable introduced by a researcher.
Term

What is a control group?
Definition

The subjects in an experiment who are not introduced to the independent variable by the researcher.
Term

What is the hawthorne effect?
Definition

The unintended influence that observers of experiments can have on their subjects.
Term

What is secondary analysis?
Definition

A variety of research techniques that make use of previously collected and publicly accessible information and data.
Term

What is content analysis?
Definition

The systematic coding and objective recording data, guided by some rationale.
Term

What is a code of ethics?
Definition

The standards of acceptable behavior developed by and for members of a profession.
Term

What is value neutrality?
Definition

Max Weber”s term for objectivity of sociologists in the interpretation of data.
Term

What s cross-tabulation?
Definition

A table that shows the relationship between two or more variables.
Term

What are the steps in the scientific method?
Definition

1. Defining the problem 2. Reviewing the literature 3. formulating the hypothesis 4. selecting the research design/collecting/analyzing data 5. developing the conclusion.
Term

What are the most used existing sources in sociological research?
Definition

Census data.
Term

What is validity
Definition

Does a measure or scale truly reflect what is being studied?
Term

What is reliability?
Definition

How much a measure produces consistent results?
Term

Who was Erving Goffman?
Definition

Used content analysis to see how advertisements in 1979 showed women as inferior to men.

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Term

Who was Joyce Ladner?
Definition

Called attention to mainstream society treating the lives of african americans as a problem.

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